Lego Based Therapy 


What is Lego Based Therapy? 

Lego Based Therapy is a group therapy programme developed for Autistic children and children with Social Communication Difficulties. It works best for children whose primary need is social communication. It can also be adapted for children with purely language difficulties, learning difficulties or those who are reluctant speakers / selectively mute or want to work on their confidence in working in a team/group. The groups are usually run for children aged 5 and upwards - all the way up to young adults! Specific targets for each child or young adult are identified by the Speech Pathologist running the group and these skills will be facilitated over the course of the programme. The groups can help develop:

  • Attention and listening skills

  • Turn taking

  • Receptive language skills 

  • Expressive language skills 

  • Social skills 

  • Team work

  • Problem solving 

  • and more.....! 



What Does it Look Like? 

A group of 3-4 children/young adults work in a team to build a Lego model. Each has a job: 



  • The only person who can look at the instruction booklet

  • Tells the rest of the group which bricks they need and where to put them

  • Checks that the rest of the group have followed the instructions correctly

  • Modifies their language if they have not understood

  • Problem solves if something has gone wrong



  • Keeps the bricks until told to give them to the Builder

  • Listens carefully to the Engineer for what bricks are needed for the build

  • Asks for clarification if they do not understand which bricks are needed

  • Problem solves if a brick is missing



  • Builds the model

  • Listens for instructions from the Engineer

  • Asks for clarification

  • Problem solves



  • Ensures that the build is going to plan

  • Checks that everyone is following the rules 

  • Checks that everyone is doing their job

  • Can help the others if they ask for help

  • Problem solves


At the end of the session, free play or free building is carried out where children are supported to play together rather than on their own. 


As our programmes are very individualised, we will consider your child's needs and may recommend completing some introductory individual sessions before starting a group. Others may initially benefit from working in a pair and developing their skills prior to group therapy.


Why Does it Work? 

A vital feature that is required for any therapy is attention. Using Lego means that the very centre of the activity is interesting and motivating.


It is highly structured. Autistic people can find unstructured social situations difficult. Completing a task in this structured way means that the group know what is expected of them as the roles are clear and set out from the beginning. 


It requires use of key communication skills in order to complete the build. This means that the children see the use of communication as meaningful. This is SO important for Autistic people. Therefore, they have a want and need to communicate in the sessions, meaning we can support them to develop these skills. 


It targets skills in real time. This is where Lego Based Therapy differs to lots of other therapy programmes. The children learn to adapt their communication skills and social skills during the activity, rather than practising a skill that is to be used later. 




What Evidence is There?

Research studies have shown that:

  1. Children who attended groups made positive gains with their social communication skills

  2. They also continued to use these skills after they had completed a block of sessions. 

  3. Children were able to use the skills they learnt in the group sessions in other environments, which is difficult for children with Autism. 


For more information on evidence, have a look at the Bricks for Autism site, which lists a range of articles on the evidence base for Lego Based Therapy. 



If you would like to discuss whether your child would benefit from Lego Based Therapy or to book a group near you, contact us for a free phone consultation! 

Get in touch to find a group near you!